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Selamat Datang Ke Portal Rasmi Jabatan Pertahanan Awam Malaysia (JPAM)
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JPAM History

Pre-Independence


Year Information
1939 Civil Defence activities in Malaysia was initiated by the British formed Passive Defence Emergency Regulation Enactment under Chapter 41 to provide measures - measures to mitigate the Second World war.
1951 The Civil Defence Ordinance, 1951 was officially enacted as a law - law in Malaya security system.
1952 Civil Defence Department was established on March 24 officially for carrying out the provisions of the Ordinance.

Post-Independence


Year Information
1957 The Civil Defence Ordinance, 1951 converted into the Civil Defence Act 1951 (Act 221) the independence of the state.
1958 Civil defense became permanent and important element in national defense system in accordance with the Ninth Schedule Federal Constitution.
1964 Civil Defence is extended to Sabah, Sarawak and Singapore following the confrontation of Malaysia - Indonesia (Cabinet Paper No. 302/314/64)
1965 Total membership increased to 36,000 members with 37 branches in addition to new logistics equipment at that time available for the whole country.
1970 Staffing deployment throughout the country made ​​in accordance with the provisions of the National Service Act 1952 to the floods which swept across the country.
1972 Civil Defence Act 1951 was amended to perform the duties and role in peace to carry out disaster relief services in addition to her main task facing the war.
1993 Highland Tower tragedy in Hulu Kelang collapse began transforming the Civil Defence organization in Malaysia.

Development Era


Year Information
1994 Introduction of JPA 3 nickname first used and accepted throughout the country to distinguish with the Department of Public Service and the Department of Civil Aviation.
1995 991 Emergency Hotline was launched on May 20 as a sign of commitment to the Civil Defence Department provide 24-hour emergency assistance.
1996 Department of Civil Defence Development Plan designed to fully equip all the logistics and infrastructure requirements in the rescue movement.
2000 All state capital across the country and six branch offices have implemented online services 991.
2000 Physical Project Development Plan projects implemented by seven Central and State Civil Defense is placing 7th District, including two new training center project.
2001 A total of seven Civil Defence Centre project at state and district approved for implementation in the RMK 8 to all state capitals across the peninsula will have complex administrative, operational and training themselves.
2004 Motto 'Selangkah Kehadapan' was introduced as the Civil Defence Department staff's commitment to give 'Delivery Service' best to the public in accordance with the increase in staffing in the department.
2006 Introduced the slogan "Ready, Fast and Integrity" as a catalyst for the Civil Defence Department into a department of excellence.
2008 Petukaran introduction nickname JPA 3 to JPAM was launched by the Director General of Civil Defence himself in March during the Civil Defence Day celebration held in Ipoh.
2008 The Malaysian Government has introduced the 'One Country One Number' as the 999-line call center to consolidate the emergency lines that the Royal Malaysia Police, the Ministry of Health, Fire and Rescue Department and Civil Defence Department Malaysia.

Ministry Controlled


Tahun Keterangan
1952 Secretary of Defense
1955 Ministry of Home Affairs
1959 Ministry of Defence
1964 Ministry of Local Government and Housing
1965 Ministry of Sabah Affairs and Civil Defence
1967 Ministry of Defence
1968 Ministry of Justice
1970 Ministry of Home Affairs
1971 Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MOSTI)
1975 Ministry of Housing and Local Government
1978 Ministry of Housing and Local Government
1982 Ministry of Home Affairs
2004 Ministry of Home Affairs
2008 Ministry of Home Affairs